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Poster: Monte B Cowboy Date: Aug 3, 2013 9:14am
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

Former FDA Commissioner David Kessler attributes obesity epidemic to fat, sugar, and salt manipulation in processed foods

Dr. David Kessler is the former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration under Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton. He is a pediatrician and served as the dean of the medical schools at both Yale and the University of California, San Francisco. His latest book is titled The End of Overeating: Taking Control of the Insatiable American Appetite.

The End of Overeating: Taking Control of the Insatiable American Appetite - August 03, 2009 - DemocracyNow! interview with Dr. Kessler

AMY GOODMAN: A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that the direct medical costs of obesity total about $147 billion a year. That amounts to nine percent of all US medical costs. It’s also over $50 billion more than the annual spending on cancer.

Dr. David Kessler, you say the three major culprits are salt, sugar and fat. And you’re saying it’s the food industry that’s as bad as big tobacco in addicting Americans. Explain your argument.

Kessler-web.jpgDR. DAVID KESSLER: Fat and sugar, fat and salt, fat, sugar, and salt stimulate us to eat more and more. Does the food industry understand the inputs? Absolutely. They understand that fat, sugar and salt stimulate us, and they understand the outputs. They understand we keep on coming back for more and more.

Have they understood the neuroscience? Have they understood how fat and sugar work? I don’t think so. But we now have that science. But what’s important is the fact that they have figured out — they’ve learned it experientially — what works, and they construct food to stimulate us to eat more.

ANJALI KAMAT: Dr. Kessler, can you talk about the neuroscience behind this? What happens when we keep eating fat, sugar and salt over and over again? What happens in our brains?

DR. DAVID KESSLER: Let me give you — you know, we just published an article. Not the typical scientific title, it’s called "Deconstructing the Vanilla Milkshake." What do you think it is about the vanilla milkshake? Do you think it’s the sugar, the fat or the flavor that stimulates you to come back for more? Which one do you think it is — the sugar, fat or flavor?

AMY GOODMAN: Which is it?

DR. DAVID KESSLER: It’s the sugar. The sugar is the main driver. But when you add fat to the sugar, it’s synergistic. With my colleague Gaetano Di Chiara, we — Gaetano studies the effect of amphetamine and cocaine on brains’ dopamine circuits. Dopamine is responsible for focusing your attention on a specific stimulus. And we always knew that amphetamine and cocaine raise the brain’s dopamines level. But what we did is we studied the effects of not just one nutrient, not just sugar, but sugar and fat, and we found, when you put them together, you get elevations of the brain’s dopamine circuitry. And not only that, it doesn’t habituate. It doesn’t go down time after time. So we see that multi-potent, multi-sensory foods can stimulate the brain’s neural circuitry.

AMY GOODMAN: And you’re saying that the food industry, like tobacco, is actively manipulating the addiction. Explain exactly what you mean.

DR. DAVID KESSLER: The food industry certainly understands what works. Let me explain to you how it works. Based on past learning, past memory, we get cued. What’s a cue? It can be the sight. It could be the smell. It could be location. Every time I walk down Powell Street, I start thinking about chocolate-covered pretzels. Why? Because I had been on that street before, and I had been into a store, but I had forgotten entirely that I had done that. When I’m on that street that — just the location stimulates thoughts of wanting that creates arousal. It focuses my attention. My brain gets activated. I eat for a second. I have that pleasure. It blocks out all other stimuli. And then I get cued again. And every time I do that, I just strengthen the neural circuitries.

What has the food industry done? They’ve taken fat, sugar and salt, they’ve put it on every corner. They’ve made it available 24/7. They’ve made it socially acceptable to eat at any time. They’ve added the emotional gloss of advertising. Look at an ad; you’ll love it, you’ll want it. They’ve made food into entertainment. We’re living, in fact, in a food carnival.

ANJALI KAMAT: Dr. Kessler, you talk about the $330 billion restaurant food industry, and one of the things you say is that food is increasingly being assembled, not cooked, in these kitchens of chain restaurants. Can you give us an example? Talk about going to Chili’s, or talk about going to any of the restaurants you talk about. And, you know, take us from the beginning to the end, how a dish is prepared.

DR. DAVID KESSLER: So, take an appetizer in a modern American restaurant. Take buffalo wings. What are they? You take the fatty part of the chicken, fried usually in the manufacturing plant first. That loads about 30, 40 percent fat. Fry it again in the kitchen of the restaurant. That loads more fat. That red spicy sauce? What is it? Fat and sugar. That white creamy sauce on the side? Fat and salt. What are we eating? Fat on fat on fat on fat on sugar on fat and salt.

AMY GOODMAN: Let’s get personal, Dr. David Kessler. Your own story, your own dealing with what you eat, how you’ve gained weight, how you’ve lost weight, and the different people that you’ve spoken to as you’ve researched this book?

DR. DAVID KESSLER: I have suits in every size. What I wanted to understand when I started writing The End of Overeating was why it’s so hard for so many of us to resist eating.

You know, one night I was watching Oprah, and there was a woman on the show, very well educated, very well spoken, and I remember what she said. And I was trying to listen as a physician, as a clinician. She said, “I eat when my husband goes to work in the morning. I eat before he comes home at night. I eat when I’m happy. I eat when I’m sad. I eat when I’m hungry. I eat when I’m not hungry.” And then she said, “I don’t like myself.” And I could understand, I can relate to that behavior. And I wanted to understand what was going on with that woman. So what I did with my colleagues at the University of California, San Francisco, with the scientists — I wanted to know how many people have characteristics, behavioral characteristics, like that woman.

Let me give you three characteristics. Some people, when I raise these, say, you know, they can’t relate, they don’t understand these. Others say I’m describing them. First, a hard time resisting your favorite foods, a lack of control in the face of highly palatable foods. Two, a lack of satiation, a lack of feeling full when eating. Three, a preoccupation with thinking about foods between meals, or sometimes when you’re eating something, you’re thinking about what you’re going to be eating next; even with that food right in front of you, you’re thinking about what you’re going to be eating next. Those three characteristics: loss of control, lack of satiation, a preoccupation with thinking about foods.

What we found is about 50 percent of obese individuals, 30 percent of overweight individuals, about 20 percent of healthy weight individuals — that may not seem like a lot, but when you extrapolate, that’s some — and there’s risks of extrapolation — that’s some 70 million Americans have this evidence of conditioned and hyper — conditioned hypereating. It’s behavior that is both conditioned and driven.

And this is the most interesting part. When we studied — when we scanned the brains of these individuals who have evidence of these three characteristics, this conditioned hypereating, we see activation of the brain’s reward circuits, elevation — activation of the brain’s amygdala, both during the anticipation of foods — even without the foods, just them thinking about the foods or smelling the foods, there’s greater activation of those rewards circuits. And those reward circuits, when they start eating the foods, stay activated and don’t shut off. So, for the first time, we have an explanation. We can say to that woman — I mean, we can say to millions of Americans who have a hard time resisting their food in front of them, it’s not their fault. There’s a biological reason for why it’s so hard to resist.

AMY GOODMAN: We’re talking to David Kessler. The doctor is a former commissioner of the FDA under Bush and under Clinton. He’s written a new book; it’s called The End of Overeating: Taking Control of the Insatiable American Appetite. In a little while, we’ll also be joined by Arun Gupta, who is talking about bacon as a weapon of mass destruction. And we’ll look at the current healthcare debate, the issue over insurance in healthcare in America and how obesity weighs in. the full interview with Dr. Kessler is here

You Really Can’t Eat Just One, and Here’s the Reason

‘Salt Sugar Fat’ by Michael Moss - published in NY Times, March 17, 2013

Michael-Moss.jpgAmericans eat 33 pounds of cheese and cheese products per year, per person, which is triple the consumption rate of the 1970s. Michael Moss gives all credit to mighty Kraft and the other food giants. “In the hands of food manufacturers, cheese has become an ingredient,” Mr. Moss writes. Thus we have cheese-injected pizza crusts and cheese-draped frozen entrees, cheesy chips and cheezy crackers. Cheese and its processed derivatives were deployed across a gazillion new products and line extensions during decades when Americans, as a fat-avoidance tactic, were actually cutting their milk consumption by 75 percent. From a fat-consumption point of view, he says, “trading cheese for milk has been a poor bargain indeed.”

And that is the nub of Mr. Moss’s case: By concentrating fat, salt and sugar in products formulated for maximum “bliss,” Big Food has spent almost a century distorting the American diet in favor of calorie-dense products whose consumption pattern has been mirrored by the calamitous rise in obesity rates. Entire food categories were invented to support this strategy (Mr. Moss is particularly fascinated by Kraft’s near-billion-dollar line of Lunchables snack trays), as processors bent the American appetite to Wall Street’s will.

There is plenty here to make one’s blood pressure rise. (Must a child-targeted snack pack contain 830 milligrams of sodium and 39 grams of sugar? Really?) But the finer points of factory-to-table food formulation are not riveting.

Mr. Moss also strains to dramatize the preoccupations of marketers, describing a “hold your breath” moment when Kraft learned whether customers would lose interest in Lunchables after the company moved from yellow cardboard sleeve to a sleeveless box. One Lunchables team brainstormed the question of “what could a pizza be like that would fit into the Lunchables world?”

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Poster: Arbuthnot Date: Aug 3, 2013 10:48am
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

i read that article in the Times back in March, it doesn't really say anything new, just re-hashing what those 'in the know' already knew ... my problem with articles like these in the major media (or any media) is that is might often excite a flurry of interest in the short-term, but rarely will anything change for the long-term; Big Food is far too powerful and entrenched in the market and in the psyche of the public to just vanish; as Althea pointed out, many people stick with what they know, i.e., the major brands that they've always eaten (and that their parents probably ate), and are afraid of making fundamental changes to their diet and lifestyle; people will always opt for the easy choices and roads in life, and in part that's due to most people basically being slaves to a merciless employer who exhausts them physically and/or mentally 40+ hours a week, and of course at that point you don't have the energy to invest in pondering changes to your diet, to the fact that everyone is out to squeeze the last drop of sweat and money out of you, everywhich way they can, legally and illegally

the people who run those mega-food corps are more or less brazen criminals, vicious and greedy bastards who don't give one damn for anything but profiting at the expense of the global population, even if that means a population spiraling out of control into rampant obesity and diet-related diseases

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Poster: Monte B Cowboy Date: Aug 3, 2013 11:14am
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

Look at what Dr. Kessler says above: "What has the food industry done? They’ve taken fat, sugar and salt, they’ve put it on every corner. They’ve made it available 24/7. They’ve made it socially acceptable to eat at any time. They’ve added the emotional gloss of advertising. Look at an ad; you’ll love it, you’ll want it. They’ve made food into entertainment. We’re living, in fact, in a food carnival."

"Dr. Kessler, you talk about the $330 billion restaurant food industry, and one of the things you say is that food is increasingly being assembled, not cooked, in these kitchens of chain restaurants. Can you give us an example? Talk about going to [Fort Collins], or talk about going to any of the restaurants you talk about. And, you know, take us from the beginning to the end, how a dish is prepared."

Let me answer that since I'm a Village Idiot! I live in Disneyland, downtown Fort Collins, Colorado - in a huge food carnival - but, it's really a "nutrition desert" - and - it's a Big Food rip-off to locals and tourists eating out around here. I have some pitiful news for hipsters and diners visiting the downtown Fort Collins dot-com web page for restaurants. What are the web-masters and editors at the Downtown Fort Collins Business Association's web site not telling you, in plain sight? Every day or two, for the past five years, I have been watching the same two Denver-based frozen-food tractor-trailer delivery trucks making "food" deliveries to every restaurant in downtown Fort Collins!!!

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Poster: Arbuthnot Date: Aug 3, 2013 12:15pm
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

that's because the distributors control supply, and when some restaurant owner decides to do things differently, to supply his food/alcohol wants from independent and/or local vendors, he'll a) find that the cost is too high and he will have to raise his per meal price, thereby not getting the customers, thereby not being able to compete, or, b) he will get a visit, probably late at nite, from one of the major distributor's 'employees' (read 'thug') telling him that he _will_ order his food/alcohol from 'Big Food' distributor, else he'll get a 2nd visit and then a trip to the hospital

so Monte, are you saying that downtown Fort Collins is nothing but a hub of 'chain' restaurants? how sad for your city ... one should never, ever, eat at any chain anything

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Poster: Monte B Cowboy Date: Aug 5, 2013 10:08am
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

Yes, it's very sad for the future of young people in my city. I'm saying the food scene in Fort Collins is just like the food scene where you are: "Game Over!"

And I'm saying Fort Collins is Disneyland on steroids!

I'm saying our Chief of Police should visually epitomize what a healthy and vigorous place Fort Collins is being cranked up to be. Fort Collins's [healthiest City in America] claims are what our business leaders and city staff are stating 24-7-365 in the media. I'd like to know why the FCPD Chief is such an unhealthy-looking pudge? What kind of [un]healthy message does this send to other cops, or to our citizens? His photo is rarely, if ever, published. Why? [pudge is duplicitous?]

I'm saying it's nothing but propaganda and brain-washing here 24-7-365. There is no "independent reporting" of news here. The Coloradoan is our local newspaper in Fort Collins. It's owned by Gannett. Gannett Company owns over 90 daily newspapers, and nearly 1,000 weekly newspapers. USA Today is the number one media property owned by Gannett. Up until recently, Gannett also owned 23 TV stations - including KUSA-TV in Denver (channel 9). Gannett just completed a merger deal with television operator Belo Corporation. Now Gannett owns 43 TV stations! Gannett’s new broadcast segment will have greater geographic and revenue diversity, with 21 stations in the top 25 markets, and will become the #1 CBS affiliate group, the #4 ABC affiliate group, and will expand its already #1 NBC affiliate group position. The transaction is expected to close by the end of 2013 and will be subject to antitrust approval.

I'm saying last August 2012, the Fort Collins City Council and Mayor voted unanimously to give Avago a $4.5 million tax incentive package to expand their facility in Fort Collins.
Fort Collins Tax Incentives proposed to Avago were $4.5 million. This PDF file is for the August 21, 2012 Agenda Item Summary details for Fort Collins City Council. It contains the following information:

"Staff recommends adoption of this Resolution."

"Negotiations of the planned Avago Technologies expansion and related Business Investment Agreement were conducted confidentially."

"Negotiations of the planned Avago Technologies expansion and related Business Assistance package were conducted confidentially."
The Larimer County Commissioners also voted unanimously to give Avago another $500 thousand for their expansion. No one but me is reporting about this in any investigative way, shape or form.

What I can report to you is that right now we know Avago makes three power amplifier components for the iPad 3, and one for the iPhone 5. So we're talking about production levels of these power amplifier components - manufactured in the Avago facility in Fort Collins - already being on the order of tens of millions, before this tax incentive package was floated by the city of Fort Collins.

Hock Tan is Avago's CEO and president. On Aug 17, 2012, Avago held its public teleconference about Q3 profits. That's when Hock Tan reported, "Revenue from our industrial and consumer target markets were a little stronger than we expected. And for the last two quarters, we've disclosed that Foxconn was at greater than 10%, and that continued to be one again this quarter." See page 3 of the Avago Technologies Ltd Q3 2012 Earnings Call searchable transcript. This information was available when Fort Collins and Larimer County leaders cast their disgusting votes to give Avago $5 million paid for by taxpayers! Why does it matter?

Approximately twenty Foxconn workers have committed suicide at work due to enormous pressure, long hours, and squalid living conditions where they work. They were leaping to their deaths from Foxconn building rooftops. This has been reported by the mainstream press. Foxconn and Apple addressed this issue by installing anti-suicide safety nets around the buildings at every Foxconn facility.


Foxconn pays their workers slave wages. They often 16 hours per day, six days per week. They live in squalid dormitories on-campus, often in dismal conditions. They are working in very stressful working conditions. There is extraordinary pressure to produce high volumes of units with zero defects, doing the same tasks over and over for long periods of time, treating their workers like animals.

While all this is going on, the City of Fort Collins is also directing City staff to create and promote Apps that run on these devices manufactured by Apple's slave workers. Isn't it also true that more Taxpayer money goes into 401k investment plans for Mutual Funds - holding shares of Apple's stock - for City employees' retirement plans? And now you are asking us to pay another $4.5 million for a tax break for Avago.

These comments were made in writing by me to all the Fort Collins City Council-persons, the Mayor, and the City Manager. None of it has ever been publicly discussed or reported in Fort Collins, except by me. Today is the first time I'm publishing these Fort Collins facts in a Public Forum. Recently I published this Homeless in Silicon Valley movie essay on The Archive.

And, notlhing has changed! It appears to me things are only getting worse! It's not just Apple using slave workers. Microsoft X-box components, and Dell, Sony, Nokia, and many other a/v and portable devices are made this way.

China Labor Watch said it found violations of the law and of Apple's pledges about working conditions at factories operated by Pegatron Corp., a Taiwanese company.

Conditions in Chinese factories that produce iPhones and other popular Apple products have been under scrutiny following complaints about labor and environmental violations by a different supplier, Taiwan's Foxconn, a unit of Hon Hai Precision Industry Co.

Apple said in a statement it was "committed to providing safe and fair working conditions" and would investigate the claims about Pegatron. The Taiwanese company's chief executive, in a separate statement, also promised to investigate.

Apple Corporation is 'among largest tax avoiders in USA' according to a US Senate committee. The Senate committee said Apple had used "a complex web of offshore entities" to avoid paying billions of dollars in US income taxes.

"Apple Inc established an offshore subsidiary, Apple Operations International, which from 2009 to 2012 reported net income of $30bn, but declined to declare any tax residence, filed no corporate income tax return and paid no corporate income taxes to any national government for five years."

Irish-based Apples Sales International generated around $74bn (£48.5bn) in profits but "may have paid little or no income taxes to any national government on the vast bulk of those funds".

According to the senators on the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Apple transferred offshore into low-tax countries the economic rights to its intellectual property - its valuable and usually patentable knowhow - with the result that it avoided around $10bn (£6.5bn) of US tax every year (what the senators characterise as $44bn, or £29bn, of US tax avoidance over the past four years).

What is the point of all this? Well the senators point out that Apple has continued to accumulate vast amounts of cash in places other than the US, and those cash holdings now exceed an eye-popping $102bn (£67bn).

Why does any of this matter?

Well it is part of a broad trend of multinationals paying a much smaller proportion of public sector costs in all the world's developed economies.

In the US, for example, corporate tax generated 32.1% of all federal taxes in 1952. Today that proportion has fallen to a puny 8.9%. American Workers are Occupied!

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Poster: Mandojammer Date: Aug 5, 2013 11:30am
Forum: GratefulDead Subject: Re: Your Sunshine Daydream reviews

Who made the computer you are venting your spleen with?????